The Sofreh Aghd
The Sofreh Aghd is a traditional and elaborate Persian ceremony spread, decorated with many symbolic items all representing an element of marriage for the couples new life together. During the Sofreh Aghd, the couple exchanges legal wedding and marriage vows. This tradition has been practiced for thousands of years and very customary at Persian weddings. Regardless of religious beliefs, the Sofreh is an essential part of a Persian ceremony.
The Ayeeneh is reflective of light and a representation for a bright future.
Shamdoon (Candle and Candelabra)
The Shamdoon (candles and candelabras) signify purity, the fire symbolizing energy and clarity of mind during the couple’s life together.
Holy Book of Choice
Signifying both the importance of prayer and blessing in the couple’s life, the Holy Book represents an energy of love and lifelong blessing from God. As one of the most prominent symbols of harmony, the Holy Book can embody multiple traditions and heritages. If the couple prefers to not use religious texts, it is highly suggested to use Hafez Book of Poetry which has been stated to be the highest literary symbol of love in Persian culture.
Noone Sangak & Gandom (Flatbread & Wheat)
Noone Sangak, a flatbread native to Iran and baked using hot stones, is included as a symbol of prosperity and feasts for the future. Traditionally intended to be shared with the guests it reinforces the importance of familial relationships in the Persian culture.
The Meeveh (basket of fruit) represents a joyous future with seasonal fruit, most notably anar (pomegranates), seeb (apples) and angoor (grapes).
Tokhmeh Morgh (Eggs)
Tokhmeh Morgh represents fertility and are ornately decorated eggs.
Badoom, Fandogh, and Gerdoo (Almonds, Hazelnuts and Walnuts)
The assortment of almonds, hazelnuts and walnuts symbolize fertility
Throughout a traditional Persian wedding ceremony, sweet items incorporated in the Sofreh Aghd symbolize the sweetness of the union and blessings for a sweet life. As part of the ceremony, the couple feeds each other asal (honey) which represents the continual sweetness and love they will give each other throughout their marriage.
Sekkeh (gold coins) or Tala (gold) is placed on the Sofreh spread to represent wealth and prosperity for the couple.
Sheereeni & Shahkh-eh-Nabaat (Sweets)
Sheereeni (pastries) are displayed and shared with the guests.
Kaleh Ghand (Sugar Cones)
As the couple sits on the mokhaddeh the Torreh ghand (sugar cloth) is extended over them. Happily married members of their family take turns grinding sugar cones together; these happily, marries guests use the Kaleh Ghand to shower the bride and groom with sweetness and pass on a blessing from one generation to the next.
One of the most well-designed parts of the table, the Khoncheh is an assortment of seven herbs and spices in seven different colors representing prosperity and spiciness of life. Compiled in this assortment are: poppy seeds (khash-khaash), wild rice (berenj), angelica (sabzi khoshk), salt (namak), nigella seeds (raziyaneh), black tea (chai) and frankincense (kondor). Each of the spices has a specific meaning and significance, however, generally, they are used to ward against evil spirits.
Esfand (Wild Rue)
A very important element in a traditional Persian ceremony, the burning of incense wards away the “evil eye”. To further combat any negativity or malice intent, another woman precedes the bride as she walks down the aisle burning Esfand (wild rue). As she takes her seat on the mokhaddeh, the incense is set on the Sofreh Aghd to drive away all negativity.
Golab (Rose Water)
Rose water is a perfect example of the immense history and culture surrounding a traditional Persian wedding ceremony. With its distinct taste, fragrance, and influence in Iran, Golab (rose water) is the perfect fragrance to accompany the Sofreh Aghd.
Soozan Nakh (Needle & Thread)
The Soozan Nakh (needle and thread) symbolizes the blending of two families becoming one. View a traditional Persian wedding ceremony and see the blending of two families.